Q: Given a pair of integers (SUM,COUNT), construct every ascending array of COUNT poker cards with sum == SUM. You only have 9 cards, numbered 1 to 9. Clearly COUNT can’t go beyond 9. (In other words, you can only choose 1 to 9 when filling the array, 0 or 1 time, i.e. no repetition.) Note some pairs have no solution. Later we may replace 9 by 999.
Analysis 1: Instead of poker cards, we can think of 9 boxes in a row, numbered 1 to 9, and we put 0 or 1 bean in each of the boxes, to create an array.
Ashish pointed out the "shift" operation. If we shift 2 beans opposite ways then sum remains. Once we have one "good" array, we can shift the 2 outermost beans further out to the limit…
Analysis 2: I feel this is dynamic programming
Analysis 3: start with a smaller deck of cards — 1/2/3/4/5
Observation 1: if COUNT > 4.5 (i.e. 9/2), then the equivalent problem of (45-SUM, 9-COUNT) is probably simpler.
Observation 1: COUNT=2 is easy.
#8 STL containers using mv-semantic — confusing if we don’t have a firm grounding on …
#7 mv ctor and mv assignment — all the fine details would be poorly understood if we don’t have a grip on …
#5 RVR — is a non-trivial feature by itself. First, we really need to compare…
#3 rval expression vs lval expression — but the “expression” bit is confusing!
#1 lval expression vs lval variable vs objects in a program
This is fundamental concept.
RVR – exclusively(?) used as function parameter
There could be tutorials showing other usages, like a regular variable, but i don’t see any reason. I only understand the motivation for
– move-ctor/move-assignment and
– insertions like push_back()
When there’s a function taking a RVR param, there’s usually a “traditional” overload without RVR, so compiler can choose based on the argument:
* if arg is an rval expression then choose the RVR version 
* otherwise, choose the traditional
 std::move(myVar) would cast myVar into an rval expression. This is kind of the converter between the 2 overloads.
In some cases, there exists only the RVR version, perhaps because copy is prohibited… Perhaps a class holding a FILE pointer?
I feel both server about the same purpose
“COM library” vs “type library”???
I suspect most code (whether people mention COM or not) written before dotnet are probably technically COM code???
— dotnet without the dotnet context —
Client/server — A COM client is whatever code or object that gets a pointer to a COM server and uses its services. A COM server is any object that provides services to clients. In-process servers are implemented in a dynamic linked library (DLL), and out-of-process servers are implemented in an executable file (EXE). Out-of-process servers can reside either on the local computer or on a remote computer.
Registry — COM types are usually listed by GUIDs in the registry, though some COM types are RegFree
DLL — COM components are usually implemented in DLL files, and registration allows only a single version of a DLL. Dotnet classes also exist in DLL or EXE files.
MS-Office – For example COM allows Word documents to dynamically link to data in Excel spreadsheets
Bindings — COM interfaces have bindings in several languages, such as C, C++, Visual Basic
ActiveX – is part of COM
— Excel Addin —
All COM Add-ins must implement each of the five methods of this interface: OnConnection, OnStartupComplete, OnAddinsUpdate, OnBeginShutDown, and OnDisconnection.
See posts on meta programming.
Linq sequence processing is FP.
However, Linq permits mutable sequence, contrary to FP principles.
I guess LINQ sometimes modifies a sequence in-place, and sometimes creates a new sequence like STL _copy algorithms
– I feel conditional prob is based on joint prob
– conditional expn is based on joint prob
I feel one *extensible* example would be poker cards with 2 colors, 4 shapes, 13 values (based on how many “points”).
Important – variance of X+Y. http://www.math.cornell.edu/~back/m171/var_sum.pdf is a simple proof in discrete case.
Somewhat important – X*Y
… = $18972 vdate:17/12/2013
Background — in valuing future cashflows, we often need to discount some amount of dollars to some date ..