PIMCO(accrual account`)c++/java/sql IV

Q: (no good answer) You said users sometimes don’t know what they are requesting so their requirements actually don’t make sense. We as developers need good knowledge to discuss with them and solve the problem, not just take their instructions. Give an example where you challenged a user to understand better what she wants and then proposed a solution that better solves her problem.

Q: bond with sinking fund provision?

Q: suppose you bought at $104.5 with the $4.5 premium (or discount), how do you amortize that amount over the remaining 23 years of the bond? I guess the book value changes over time unlike stocks.

Q: compare a stock and a bond on the same company
%%A: coupon payments follow a predetermined schedule, not discretionary
%%A: bond has an end of life
%%A: future cashflow of the bond is known in advance
%%A: creditor vs partial owner, in the event of bankruptcy
A: bonds (esp. long-duration bonds) are more sensitive to interest rate changes

Q: what’s a bullet bond?
AA: Most bonds repay the principal as a single payment at the end of its maturity, which is known as a bullet payment. For this reason, conventional bonds are also known as bullet bonds. Amortizing bonds, on the other hand, repay the principal over a series of payments rather than all at once on the maturity date, so some or all of the periodic payments will consist of both interest and principal.

Q: how would you describe OO to a procedural programming student
%%A: use a real yet simple example like students/projects/grades/classes/labs/semesters/events/teams to illustrate the essential OO features

Q: how would you describe the spring framework?

q: java vs c++ for a concurrency system like a basic consumer/producer design?

q: java vs c++ for hadoop

%%Q: could I say std::transform() is a swiss army knife?

Q: a SAM interface in c++? Makes sense?

q: describe factory method pattern in c++?

q: bridge pattern implemented in pimpl?

q: can you use scoped_ptr or unique_ptr as class fields?
%%a: scoped doesn’t make sense
AA: wrong interpretation of “scope”. It can be a class field!

q: enable_shared_from_this ? I guess this has to do with the common scenario of two shared_ptr “clubs” each thinking it has sole ownership of a raw pointer

q: how do you declare an interface in c++?
%%A: no field. All methods are pure virtual. No ctor but dtor should be virtual

q: if you don’t declare a copy ctor what does the default copy ctor do?
%%A: bit-wise copy

q: can move ctor be synthesized if you don’t declare one?
%%A: some times it can, but I don’t think it’s always possible.
AA: Correct. for some classes, the standard forbids synthesized move ctor

q: what’s martingale
%%a: a process whose expected value at any future time is equal to the last realized or observed value. No drift.

q: what’s hitting time
%%a: expected time the process will hit a certain level

q: what if my join query produces duplicates, and those tables I join are not my table so I can’t redesign them?
%%a: use distinct or order by.
A: now I think it can happen if you select nothing but “gender”

q: what access modifiers can apply to a java interface?
%%a: private and protected doesn’t make sense. If it’s only used within a package and should not be exposed outside, then the default access may do.
AA: correct

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