2011 BGC c++onsite#dependency #reviewed

Mostly knowledge-based QQ questions. I need to be selective what to study.

Q1: The reverse is common but when do we provide c wrapper around c++ classes?
A: internal implementation is c++ but clients need C API

Q1b: can c call c++
%%A: at compile time, c++ code may be uncompilable by a c compiler. CFRONT converts c++ code into c source code until exceptions were added to the c++ language. At run time, if I have object code precompiled from c++, can c call it? I think it’s often possible.
A: check out the C Application Binary Interface. If your C and C++ code are interoperable, it is because your C and C++ compilers also conform to the same ABI.
A: yes that’s what extern “C” is for.

Q: tool for binary code dependency? (I guess the dependencies are dynamic libraries, rather than static libs linked in.)
AA: ldd or objdump. See http://ask.xmodulo.com/check-library-dependency-program-process-linux.html

Q9: call java from c++, what’re the c++ function(s)?
A: create_vm(), CallStaticVoidMethod(), CallVoidMethod() etc

Q9b: How do I access an int field of a java class?
%%A: if I have a pointer to the java object, I should be able to directly access the int field

Q: for a Base class and Derived class, how many vtbl’s ?
A: 2

Q: what’s an abstract class?
%%A: must have a pure virtual with “=0” (Actually the function can have an “external” definition.)

Q8: can ctor throw exception?
A: yes see http://yosefk.com/c++fqa/exceptions.html#fqa-17.2

Q8b: how about dtor?
%%A: we lose information since there are 2 exceptions to handle. If we will abort anyway, then it doesn’t matter. If we know this exception in this dtor should always kill the process, then we might as well call abort()

Q: how do u implement a singleton
%%A: private ctor, no friends, disable op= and copier by declaring without defining.

Q: semaphore(1) == mutex?
%%A: no since semaphore in most implementations uses a mutex internally. Functionally they are identical
%%A: semaphore is often cross process. Mutex can also be used on shared memory.

Q: for a const method getAge(), can it return a ptr to a non-const int which is a field?
%%A: i have seen sample code, so probably compilable
A: tricky. P215 effSTL says that inside a const method, all non-static fields become const.

Q3a: what’s the return type of operator*()?
%%A: can be anything, just like operator[], but not void not empty

Q3b: How about qq[ operator T*() ] ?
%%A: i think there should be none
A(now): is it the OOC to a ptr? Correct. See http://en.cppreference.com/w/cpp/language/cast_operator

Q: if Base class has a virtual method f(int), and Derived class has an overload virtual method f(float, char), is the Base f() accessible via a D object?
%%A: the D f() hides the base f(), but base f() may still be accessible using A::f()

Q: 1 process, 30 threads vs 10 processes * 3 threads each? Assuming there’s data sharing among the threads
%%A: avoid ITC and serialization
%%A (Now): I feel single-process has a single point of failure without redundancy.

Q: how do u change the default fair-share scheduling among threads?
%%A: I can make some threads sleep or wait. I can control thread-lib-level priorities, but the kernel thread priority levels could be very coarse
%%A(now): if userland thread, then scheduling is done in the thrd lib.

Q: unix performance monitoring?
%%A: jconsole; top; vmstat; perfmeter

— communication layer
Q: how do I see syscalls and sockets open by a process?
%%A: truss; lsof; snoop/tcpdump; netstat

Q: practical use of signals?
%%A: kill, core dump, thread dump, suspend,

Q: benefit of multicast?
%%A: efficient. RV

Q: what are named pipe?
%%A: I think they exist in the file system as fake files. “cat | more” uses an unnamed pipe I believe.
A: now I think I should just say “never used it”.

Q: Dynamic loadable library. How do we configure the system to load a new version of the library?
%%A: $LD_LIBRARY_PATH
%%A: just overwrite the existing *.so file??

Q: how to convert a ptr-to-non-const to a ptr-to-const?
AA: just assign it. The reverse assignment needs const_cast. Tested in g++. I feel this is an obscure technicality.

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