* B — software vendors like Bbbill Gates
* C — open source Cccommunity, a new force significant only in the last 20 years.
* D — Dddownstream industries like Wall Street and web 2.0
* A — Aaaacademic, research including commercial R&D, and hardware innovation. This force represents the pushers of the frontier of technology
* government? not really a major force except in S’pore;). This game is largely market-driven and innovation-driven.
There are non-trivial overlaps and straddles, yet it’s good to keep the big picture simple without being simplistic.